FreshRSS

🔒
❌ Acerca de FreshRSS
Hay nuevos artículos disponibles. Pincha para refrescar la página.
Hoy — Abril 13th 2021Tus fuentes RSS

UK Chiari 1 Study: protocol for a prospective, observational, multicentre study

Introduction

Chiari 1 malformation (CM1) is a structural abnormality of the hindbrain characterised by the descent of the cerebellar tonsils through the foramen magnum. The management of patients with CM1 remains contentious since there are currently no UK or international guidelines for clinicians. We therefore propose a collaborative, prospective, multicentre study on the investigation, management and outcome of CM1 in the UK: the UK Chiari 1 Study (UKC1S). Our primary objective is to determine the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with a new diagnosis of CM1 managed either conservatively or surgically at 12 months of follow-up. We also aim to: (A) determine HRQoL 12 months following surgery; (B) measure complications 12 months following surgery; (C) determine the natural history of patients with CM1 treated conservatively without surgery; (D) determine the radiological correlates of presenting symptoms, signs and outcomes; and (E) determine the scope and variation within UK practice in referral patterns, patient pathways, investigations and surgical decisions.

Methods and analysis

The UKC1S will be a prospective, multicentre and observational study that will follow the British Neurosurgical Trainee Research Collaborative model of collaborative research. Patients will be recruited after attending their first neurosurgical outpatient clinic appointment. Follow-up data will be collected from all patients at 12 months from baseline regardless of whether they are treated surgically or not. A further 12-month postoperative follow-up timepoint will be added for patients treated with decompressive surgery. The study is expected to last three years.

Ethics and dissemination

The UKC1S received a favourable ethical opinion from the East Midlands Leicester South Research Ethics Committee (REC reference: 20/EM/0053; IRAS 269739) and the Health Research Authority. The results of the study will be published in peer-reviewed medical journals, presented at scientific conferences, shared with collaborating sites and shared with participant patients if they so wish.

Policy changes and the screening, diagnosis and treatment of drug-resistant tuberculosis patients from 2015 to 2018 in Zhejiang Province, China: a retrospective cohort study

Por: Jiang · W. · Peng · Y. · Wang · X. · Elbers · C. · Tang · S. · Huang · F. · Chen · B. · Cobelens · F.
Objectives

To examine changes in the screening, diagnosis, treatment and management of drug-resistant tuberculosis (DRTB) patients, and investigate the impacts of DRTB-related policies on patients of different demographic and socioeconomic characteristics.

Design

A retrospective cohort study using registry data, plus a survey on DRTB-related policies.

Setting

All prefecture-level Centres for Disease Control in Zhejiang Province, China.

Main outcome measures

Alongside the care cascade, we examined: (1) reported number of presumptive DRTB patients; (2) percentage of presumptive patients with drug susceptibility testing (DST) records; (3) percentage of DRTB/rifampicin-resistant (RR) patients registered; (4) percentage of RR/multidrug-resistant TB (MDRTB) patients that received anti-DRTB treatment; and (5) percentage of RR/MDRTB patients cured/completed treatment among those treated. Multivariate logistic regressions were conducted to explore the impacts of DRTB policies after adjusting for other factors.

Results

The number of reported presumptive DRTB patients and the percentage with DST records largely increased during 2015–2018, and the percentage of registered patients who received anti-DRTB treatment also increased from 59.0% to 86.5%. Patients under the policies of equipping GeneXpert plus expanded criteria for DST had a higher likelihood of being registered compared with no GeneXpert (adjusted OR (aOR)=2.57, 95% CI: 1.20 to 5.51), while for treatment initiation the association was only significant when further expanding the registration criteria (aOR=2.38, 95% CI: 1.19 to 4.79). Patients with registered residence inside Zhejiang were more likely to be registered (aOR=1.96, 95% CI: 1.52 to 2.52), treated (aOR=3.83, 95% CI: 2.78 to 5.28) and complete treatment (aOR=1.92, 95% CI: 1.03 to 3.59) compared with those outside.

Conclusion

The policy changes on DST and registration have effectively improved DRTB case finding and care. Nevertheless, challenges remain in servicing vulnerable groups such as migrants and improving equity in the access to TB care. Future policies should provide comprehensive support for migrants to complete treatment at their current place of residence.

Development of the Prevent for Work questionnaire (P4Wq) for assessment of musculoskeletal risk in the workplace: part 1--literature review and domains selection

Por: Langella · F. · Christensen · S. W. M. · Palsson · T. S. · Hogh · M. · Gagni · N. · Bellosta-Lopez · P. · Christiansen · D. H. · Delle Chiaie · M. · Domenech-Garcia · V. · Johnston · V. · Szeto · G. P. Y. · Villafane · J. H. · Herrero · P. · Berjano · P.
Objective

This study aims to define appropriate domains and items for the development of a self-administered questionnaire to assess the risk of developing work-related musculoskeletal disorder (WMSD) and the risk of its progression to chronicity.

Design

Literature review and survey study.

Setting and participants

A literature review and a two-round interview with 15 experts in musculoskeletal pain were performed to identify the available domains for WMSD assessment.

Interventions and outcome

To ensure quality, only validated questionnaires were included for the Delphi process. A three-round Delphi method, with three round steps, was used to select the most pertinent and relevant domains and items.

Results

Nine questionnaires were identified through the expert discussion and literature review, comprising 38 candidate domains and 504 items. In the first round of the Delphi group, 17 domains reached more than 70% agreement and were selected. In the second round, 10 domains were rejected, while 11 were selected to complete the pool of domains. In the third and final round, 89 items belonging to 28 domains were defined as significant to develop a WMSDs risk assessment questionnaire.

Conclusions

No specific risk assessment questionnaires for WMSDs were identified from the literature. WMSD risk of presence and chronicity can be defined by an assessment tool based on the biopsychosocial model and the fear-avoidance components of chronic pain. The present study provides the formulation and operationalisation of the constructs in domains and items needed for developing and validating the questionnaire.

Practitioners perceptions of acceptability of a question prompt list about palliative care for advance care planning with people living with dementia and their family caregivers: a mixed-methods evaluation study

Por: van der Steen · J. T. · Heck · S. · Juffermans · C. C. · Garvelink · M. M. · Achterberg · W. P. · Clayton · J. · Thompson · G. · Koopmans · R. T. · van der Linden · Y. M.
Objectives

In oncology and palliative care, patient question prompt lists (QPLs) with sample questions for patient and family increased patients’ involvement in decision-making and improved outcomes if physicians actively endorsed asking questions. Therefore, we aim to evaluate practitioners’ perceptions of acceptability and possible use of a QPL about palliative and end-of-life care in dementia.

Design

Mixed-methods evaluation study of a QPL developed with family caregivers and experts comprising a survey and interviews with practitioners.

Setting

Two academic medical training centres for primary and long-term care in the Netherlands.

Participants

Practitioners (n=66; 73% woman; mean of 21 (SD 11) years of experience) who were mostly general practitioners and elderly care physicians.

Outcomes

The main survey outcome was acceptability measured with a 15–75 acceptability scale with ≥45 meaning ‘acceptable’.

Results

The survey response rate was 21% (66 of 320 participated). The QPL was regarded as acceptable (mean 51, SD 10) but 64% felt it was too long. Thirty-five per cent would want training to be able to answer the questions. Those who felt unable to answer (31%) found the QPL less acceptable (mean 46 vs 54 for others; p=0.015). We identified three themes from nine interviews: (1) enhancing conversations through discussing difficult topics, (2) proactively engaging in end-of-life conversations and (3) possible implementation.

Conclusion

Acceptability of the QPL was adequate, but physicians feeling confident to be able to address questions about end-of-life care is crucial when implementing it in practice, and may require training. To facilitate discussions of advance care planning and palliative care, families and persons with dementia should also be empowered to access the QPL themselves.

Development of a core outcome set for congenital pulmonary airway malformations: study protocol of an international Delphi survey

Por: Hermelijn · S. · Kersten · C. · Mullassery · D. · Muthialu · N. · Cobanoglu · N. · Gartner · S. · Bagolan · P. · Mesas Burgos · C. · Sgro · A. · Heyman · S. · Till · H. · Suominen · J. · Schurink · M. · Desender · L. · Losty · P. · Ertresvag · K. · Tiddens · H. A. W. M. · Wijnen · R. M. H
Introduction

A worldwide lack of consensus exists on the optimal management of asymptomatic congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM) even though the incidence is increasing. Either a surgical resection is performed or a wait-and-see policy is employed, depending on the treating physician. Management is largely based on expert opinion and scientific evidence is scarce. Wide variations in outcome measures are seen between studies making comparison difficult thus highlighting the lack of universal consensus in outcome measures as well. We aim to define a core outcome set which will include the most important core outcome parameters for paediatric patients with an asymptomatic CPAM.

Methods and analysis

This study will include a critical appraisal of the current literature followed by a three-stage Delphi process with two stakeholder groups. One surgical group including paediatric as well as thoracic surgeons, and a non-surgeon group including paediatric pulmonologists, intensive care and neonatal specialists. All participants will score outcome parameters according to their level of importance and the most important parameters will be determined by consensus.

Ethics and dissemination

Electronic informed consent will be obtained from all participants. Ethical approval is not required. After the core outcome set has been defined, we intend to design an international randomised controlled trial: the COllaborative Neonatal NEtwork for the first CPAM Trial, which will be aimed at determining the optimal management of patients with asymptomatic CPAM.

Educational needs in the COVID-19 pandemic: a Delphi study among doctors and nurses in Wuhan, China

Por: Hou · X. · Hu · W. · Russell · L. · Kuang · M. · Konge · L. · Nayahangan · L. J.
Objective

To identify theoretical and technical aspects regarding treatment, prevention of spread and protection of staff to inform the development of a comprehensive training curriculum on COVID-19 management.

Design

Cross-sectional study.

Setting

Nine hospitals caring for patients with COVID-19 in Wuhan, China.

Participants

134 Chinese healthcare professionals (74 doctors and 60 nurses) who were deployed to Wuhan, China during the COVID-19 epidemic were included. A two-round Delphi process was initiated between March and May 2020. In the first round, the participants identified knowledge, technical and behavioural (ie, non-technical) skills that are needed to treat patients, prevent spread of the virus and protect healthcare workers. In round 2, the participants rated each item according to its importance to be included in a training curriculum on COVID-19. Consensus for inclusion in the final list was set at 80%.

Primary outcome measures

Knowledge, technical and behavioural (ie, non-technical) skills that could form the basis of a training curriculum for COVID-19 management.

Results

In the first round 1398 items were suggested by the doctors and reduced to 67 items after content analysis (treatment of patients: n=47; infection prevention and control: n=20). The nurses suggested 1193 items that were reduced to 70 items (treatment of patients: n=49; infection prevention and control: n=21). In round 2, the response rates were 82% in doctors and 93% in nurses. Fifty-eight items of knowledge, technical and behavioural skills were agreed on by the doctors to include in the final list. For the nurses, 58 items were agreed on.

Conclusions

This needs assessment process resulted in a comprehensive list of knowledge, technical and behavioural skills for COVID-19 management. Educators can use these to guide decisions regarding content of training curricula not only for COVID-19 management but also in preparation for future viral pandemic outbreaks.

Chinesisation, adaptation and validation of the Chelsea Critical Care Physical Assessment Tool in critically ill patients: a cross-sectional observational study

Por: Zhang · Z. · Wang · G. · Wu · Y. · Guo · J. · Ding · N. · Jiang · B. · Wei · H. · Li · B. · Yue · W. · Tian · J.
Purpose

To translate and adapt the Chelsea Critical Care Physical Assessment Tool (CPAx) into Chinese version (‘CPAx-Chi’), test the reliability and validity of CPAx-Chi, and verify the cut-off point for the diagnosis of intensive care unit-acquired weakness (ICU-AW).

Study design

Cross-sectional observational study.

Methods

Forward and back translation, cross-cultural adaptation and pretesting of CPAx into CPAx-Chi were based on the Brislin model. Participants were recruited from the general ICU of five third-grade class-A hospitals in western China. Two hundred critically ill adult patients (median age: 53 years; 64% men) with duration of ICU stay ≥48 hours and Glasgow Coma Scale ≥11 were included in this study. Two researchers simultaneously and independently assessed eligible patients using the Medical Research Council Muscle Score (MRC-Score) and CPAx-Chi.

Results

The content validity index of items was 0.889. The content validity index of scale was 0.955. Taking the MRC-Score scale as standard, the criterion validity of CPAx-Chi was r=0.758 (p

Conclusions

CPAx-Chi demonstrated content validity, criterion-related validity and reliability. CPAx-Chi showed the best accuracy in assessment of patients at risk of ICU-AW with good sensitivity and specificity at a recommended cut-off of 31.

Relationship between workers return to work, job retention and income in industrial accidents in Korea: a longitudinal study

Por: Bae · S. W. · Jeong · I. · Yoon · J.-H. · Lee · S. W. · Kim · T. H. · Won · J.-U.
Objective

This study aims to compare workers’ income before and after an occupational injury, with regard to return to work and job retention, over a period of 5 years.

Design

This study was designed as a longitudinal study.

Setting

The Panel Study of Workers’ Compensation Insurance (PSWCI) survey targeted workers involved in industrial accidents for which medical care was terminated in the year 2012.

Participants

The panel study was conducted on a final sample of 2000 workers who were selected proportionally by region (nine regions) after priority assignment by disability rating (six levels). A total of 1458 workers were finally included in this study.

Methods

This study used data from the first to fifth PSWCI. To identify the effect on income after occupational injury considering return to work and job retention, we used the generalised estimating equation.

Results

In regard to workers’ return to work, the OR that income after an occupational injury would be higher than that before an occupational injury was 3.17 (2.41–4.17) for those who returned to original work and 2.32 (1.81–2.97) for those re-employed as compared with who did not return to work and 1.27 (1.07–1.15) for those who retained their job as compared with those who did not. The ORs were 2.91 (2.26–3.75) for those who were re-employed and retained jobs and 2.96 (2.15–4.08) for those who returned to original work and did not retain jobs as compared with those who did not return to work and did not retain jobs.

Conclusions

It is important for accident victims to retain their jobs to maintain their economic status.

Pentoxifylline for the prevention of contrast-induced nephropathy: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials

Por: Wei · L. · Zhang · W. · Yang · Y. · Li · D.
Objectives

To summarise current evidence on the use of pentoxifylline (PTX) to prevent contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN).

Methods

The PubMed, Embase and CENTRAL databases were searched for randomised controlled trials including patients with and without PTX undergoing contrast media exposure. We analysed the incidence of CIN and serum creatinine changes before and after contrast media exposure. All statistical analyses were conducted with Review Manager V.5.3.

Results

We finally enrolled in seven randomised controlled trials with a total of 1484 patients in this analysis. All of seven included studies were performed in patients undergoing angioplasty or stenting. The overall rates of CIN were 8.8% and 10.4% in the PTX groups and control groups, respectively. However, no significant reduction in the CIN rate was observed in the patients treated with PTX compared with the control groups (OR 0.81, 95% CI 0.57 to 1.13, I2=0, p=0.21). All studies reported no hospital mortality and the new requirement for dialysis during the trials.

Conclusion

Perioperative administration of PTX to patients undergoing angioplasty did not significantly reduce the development of CIN but showed some weak tendency of lower serum creatinine increase. Based on the available trials, the evidence does not support the administration of PTX for the prevention of CIN. More trials with larger sample sizes are needed to evaluate the role of PTX in CIN prevention.

HollAND trial: comparison of rubber band ligation and haemorrhoidectomy in patients with symptomatic haemorrhoids grade III: study protocol for a multicentre, randomised controlled trial and cost-utility analysis

Introduction

Haemorrhoidal disease is one of the most common anorectal disorders, which affects nearly half of the general population. Treatment of grade III haemorrhoids consists initially of conservative measures, followed by rubber band ligation and haemorrhoidectomy when unsuccessful. Given the current guidelines and numerous modalities the obvious question which needs to be answered is which treatment is the best for grade III haemorrhoids. There is a need for evaluating treatment from the patient’s point of view and transparency in surgical and non-surgical treatment outcome.

Methods and analysis

This multicentre, randomised controlled, non-inferiority trial with cost–utility analysis compares haemorrhoidectomy with rubber band ligation. Patients aged 18 years and older with symptomatic haemorrhoids grade III are recruited. Primary outcome measure is quality of life at 24 months measured with the EQ-5D-5L and in-hospital (in)direct costs and out-of-hospital postoperative costs. A key secondary outcome is recurrence at 1-year postprocedure. Secondary outcomes are complaint reduction with proctology-specific patient-reported outcome measurements (Haemorrhoid Severity Score, ProctoPROM, PROM-HISS, vaizey score), resumption of work, pain and complication rates. Data are collected at seven different time points. Standard postprocedural care is followed.

A sample size has been calculated using a one sided alpha of 0.025 and a power of 80% with an SD of 0.15 and a non-inferiority limit of 0.05. With stratification by centre and to adjust for 10% lost to follow-up the total sample size will be 360 patients in total (180 per group).

Data will be analysed according to the intention-to-treat and the per-protocol principle.

Ethics and dissemination

The protocol has been approved by the Medical Ethics Review Committee of the Amsterdam University Medical Centres, location AMC. Findings will be disseminated in peer-reviewed journals and presented at conferences, whether they are positive, negative or inconclusive.

Trial registration numbers

NCT04621695, NTR8020

Algorithmic surveillance of ICU patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ASIC): protocol for a multicentre stepped-wedge cluster randomised quality improvement strategy

Por: Marx · G. · Bickenbach · J. · Fritsch · S. J. · Kunze · J. B. · Maassen · O. · Deffge · S. · Kistermann · J. · Haferkamp · S. · Lutz · I. · Voellm · N. K. · Lowitsch · V. · Polzin · R. · Sharafutdinov · K. · Mayer · H. · Kuepfer · L. · Burghaus · R. · Schmitt · W. · Lippert · J. · Riedel
Introduction

The acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a highly relevant entity in critical care with mortality rates of 40%. Despite extensive scientific efforts, outcome-relevant therapeutic measures are still insufficiently practised at the bedside. Thus, there is a clear need to adhere to early diagnosis and sufficient therapy in ARDS, assuring lower mortality and multiple organ failure.

Methods and analysis

In this quality improvement strategy (QIS), a decision support system as a mobile application (ASIC app), which uses available clinical real-time data, is implemented to support physicians in timely diagnosis and improvement of adherence to established guidelines in the treatment of ARDS. ASIC is conducted on 31 intensive care units (ICUs) at 8 German university hospitals. It is designed as a multicentre stepped-wedge cluster randomised QIS. ICUs are combined into 12 clusters which are randomised in 12 steps. After preparation (18 months) and a control phase of 8 months for all clusters, the first cluster enters a roll-in phase (3 months) that is followed by the actual QIS phase. The remaining clusters follow in month wise steps. The coprimary key performance indicators (KPIs) consist of the ARDS diagnostic rate and guideline adherence regarding lung-protective ventilation. Secondary KPIs include the prevalence of organ dysfunction within 28 days after diagnosis or ICU discharge, the treatment duration on ICU and the hospital mortality. Furthermore, the user acceptance and usability of new technologies in medicine are examined. To show improvements in healthcare of patients with ARDS, differences in primary and secondary KPIs between control phase and QIS will be tested.

Ethics and dissemination

Ethical approval was obtained from the independent Ethics Committee (EC) at the RWTH Aachen Faculty of Medicine (local EC reference number: EK 102/19) and the respective data protection officer in March 2019. The results of the ASIC QIS will be presented at conferences and published in peer-reviewed journals.

Trial registration number

DRKS00014330.

Prevalence and coprevalence of modifiable risk factors for upper digestive tract cancer among residents aged 40-69 years in Yangzhong city, China: a cross-sectional study

Por: Feng · X. · Hua · Z.-L. · Zhou · Q. · Shi · A.-W. · Song · T.-Q. · Qian · D.-F. · Chen · R. · Wang · G.-Q. · Wei · W.-Q. · Zhou · J.-Y. · Wang · J.-J. · Shao · G. · Wang · X.
Objectives

To describe the prevalence of modifiable risk factors for upper digestive tract cancer (UDTC) and its coprevalence, and investigate relevant influencing factors of modifiable UDTC risk factors coprevalence among residents aged 40–69 years in Yangzhong city, China.

Design

Cross-sectional study.

Participants

A total of 21 175 participants aged 40–69 years were enrolled in the study. 1962 subjects were excluded due to missing age, marital status or some other selected information. Eventually, 19 213 participants were available for the present analysis.

Main outcomes measures

Prevalence and coprevalence of eight modifiable UDTC risk factors (overweight or obesity, current smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, insufficient vegetables intake, insufficient fruit intake and the consumption of pickled, fried and hot food) were analysed.

Results

The prevalence of overweight/obesity, current smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, insufficient vegetables intake, insufficient fruit intake and the consumption of pickled, fried and hot food in this study was 45.3%, 24.1%, 16.2%, 66.1%, 94.5%, 68.1%, 36.0% and 88.4%, respectively. Nearly all (99.9%) participants showed one or more UDTC risk factors, 98.6% of the participants showed at least two risk factors, 92.2% of the participants had at least three risk factors and 69.7% of the participants had four or more risk factors. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that men, younger age, single, higher education, higher annual family income and smaller household size were more likely to present modifiable UDTC risk factors coprevalence.

Conclusions

The prevalence and coprevalence of modifiable UDTC risk factors are high among participants in Yangzhong city. Extra attention must be paid to these groups who are susceptible to risk factors coprevalence during screening progress. Relative departments also need to make significant public health programmes that aim to decrease modifiable UDTC risk factors coprevalence among residents aged 40–69 years from high-risk areas of UDTC.

Loneliness among older adults in the community during COVID-19: a cross-sectional survey in Canada

Por: Savage · R. D. · Wu · W. · Li · J. · Lawson · A. · Bronskill · S. E. · Chamberlain · S. A. · Grieve · J. · Gruneir · A. · Reppas-Rindlisbacher · C. · Stall · N. M. · Rochon · P. A.
Objective

Physical distancing and stay-at-home measures implemented to slow transmission of novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) may intensify feelings of loneliness in older adults, especially those living alone. Our aim was to characterise the extent of loneliness during the first wave in a sample of older adults living in the community and assess characteristics associated with loneliness.

Design

Online cross-sectional survey between 6 May and 19 May 2020.

Setting

Ontario, Canada.

Participants

Convenience sample of members of a national retired educators’ organisation.

Primary outcome measures

Self-reported loneliness, including differences between women and men.

Results

4879 respondents (71.0% women; 67.4% 65–79 years) reported that in the preceding week, 43.1% felt lonely at least some of the time, including 8.3% who felt lonely always or often. Women had increased odds of loneliness compared with men, whether living alone (adjusted OR (aOR) 1.52, 95% CI 1.13 to 2.04) or with others (2.44, 95% CI 2.04 to 2.92). Increasing age group decreased the odds of loneliness (aOR 0.69 (95% CI 0.59 to 0.81) 65–79 years and 0.50 (95% CI 0.39 to 0.65) 80+ years compared with

Conclusions

While many older adults reported feeling lonely during COVID-19, several characteristics—such as being female and living alone—increased the odds of loneliness. These characteristics may help identify priorities for targeting interventions to reduce loneliness.

Stakeholder perceptions of current practices and challenges in priority setting for non-communicable disease control in Kenya: a qualitative study

Por: Wanjau · M. N. · Kivuti-Bitok · L. W. · Aminde · L. N. · Veerman · L.
Objective

To explore the stakeholders’ perceptions of current practices and challenges in priority setting for non-communicable disease (NCD) control in Kenya.

Design

A qualitative study approach conducted within a 1-day stakeholder workshop that followed a deliberative dialogue process.

Setting

Study was conducted within a 1-day stakeholder workshop that was held in October 2019 in Nairobi, Kenya.

Participants

Stakeholders who currently participate in the national level policymaking process for health in Kenya.

Outcome measure

Priority setting process for NCD control in Kenya.

Results

Donor funding was identified as a key factor that informed the priority setting process for NCD control. Misalignment between donors’ priorities and the country’s priorities for NCD control was seen as a hindrance to the process. It was identified that there was minimal utilisation of context-specific evidence from locally conducted research. Additional factors seen to inform the priority setting process included political leadership, government policies and budget allocation for NCDs, stakeholder engagement, media, people’s cultural and religious beliefs.

Conclusion

There is an urgent need for development aid partners to align their priorities to the specific NCD control priority areas that exist in the countries that they extend aid to. Additionally, context-specific scientific evidence on effective local interventions for NCD control is required to inform areas of priority in Kenya and other low-income and middle-income countries. Further research is needed to develop best practice guidelines and tools for the creation of national-level priority setting frameworks that are responsive to the identified factors that inform the priority setting process for NCD control.

Study protocol for the Sino-Canadian Healthy Life Trajectories Initiative (SCHeLTI): a multicentre, cluster-randomised, parallel-group, superiority trial of a multifaceted community-family-mother-child intervention to prevent childhood overweight and obes

Por: Wu · Y. · Marc · I. · Bouchard · L. · Ouyang · F. · Luo · Z.-C. · Fan · J. · Dubois · L. · Masse · B. · Zhang · J. · Leung · P. C. K. · Liao · X. P. · Herba · C. M. · Booij · L. · Shen · J. · Lewin · A. · Jiang · H. · Wang · L. · Xu · J. · Wu · W. · Sun · W. · Wu · J. · Li · H. · Lei · C. · Kozyrsky
Introduction

Childhood overweight and obesity (OWO) is a primary global health challenge. Childhood OWO prevention is now a public health priority in China. The Sino-Canadian Healthy Life Trajectories Initiative (SCHeLTI), one of four trials being undertaken by the international HeLTI consortium, aims to evaluate the effectiveness of a multifaceted, community-family-mother-child intervention on childhood OWO and non-communicable diseases risk.

Methods and analysis

This is a multicentre, cluster-randomised, controlled trial conducted in Shanghai, China. The unit of randomisation is the service area of Maternal Child Health Units (N=36). We will recruit 4500 women/partners/families in maternity and district level hospitals. Participants in the intervention group will receive a multifaceted, integrated package of health promotion interventions beginning in preconception or in the first trimester of pregnancy, continuing into infancy and early childhood. The intervention, which is centred on a modified motivational interviewing approach, will target early-life maternal and child risk factors for adiposity. Through the development of a biological specimen bank, we will study potential mechanisms underlying the effects of the intervention. The primary outcome for the trial is childhood OWO (body mass index for age ≥85th percentile) at 5 years of age, based on WHO sex-specific standards. The study has a power of 0.8 (α=0.05) to detect a 30% risk reduction in the proportion of children with OWO at 5 years of age, from 24.4% in the control group to 17% in the intervention group. Recruitment was launched on 30 August 2018 for the pilot study and 10 January 2019 for the formal study.

Ethics and dissemination

The study has been approved by the Medical Research Ethics Committee of the International Peace Maternity and Child Health Hospital in Shanghai, China, and the Research Ethics Board of the Centre Intégré Universitaire de Santé et Services Sociaux de l’Estrie–CHUS in Sherbrooke, Canada. Data sharing policies are consistent with the governance policy of the HeLTI consortium and government legislation.

Trial registration number

ChiCTR1800017773.

Protocol version

November 11, 2020 (Version #5).

Government management capacities and the containment of COVID-19: a repeated cross-sectional study across Chinese cities

Por: Li · W. · Li · J. · Yi · J.
Objectives

Better understanding of the dynamics of the COVID-19 (2019 novel coronavirus disease) pandemic to curb its spread is now a global imperative. While travel restrictions and control measures have been shown to limit the spread of the disease, the effectiveness of the enforcement of those measures should depend on the strength of the government. Whether, and how, the government plays a role in fighting the disease, however, has not been investigated. Here, we show that government management capacities are critical to the containment of the disease.

Setting

We conducted a statistical analysis based on cross-city comparisons within China. China has undergone almost the entire cycle of the anticoronavirus campaign, which allows us to trace the full dynamics of the outbreak, with homogeneity in standards for statistics recording.

Primary and secondary outcome measures

Outcome measures include city-specific COVID-19 case incidence and recoveries in China.

Results

The containment of COVID-19 depends on the effectiveness of the enforcement of control measures, which in turn depends on the local government’s management capacities. Specifically, government efficiency, capacity for law enforcement, and the transparency of laws and policies significantly reduce COVID-19 prevalence and increase the likelihood of recoveries. The organisation size of the government, which is not closely related to its capacity for management, has a limited role.

Identifying multimorbidity patterns of non-communicable diseases in paediatric inpatients: a cross-sectional study in Shanghai, China

Por: Chen · N. · Zhou · L. · Huang · J. · Yu · W. · Chen · C. · Jin · H. · Shi · X. · Yu · Z. · Liu · Q. · Yang · Y. · Wang · Z. · Shi · J.
Objectives

To enhance the understanding of non-communicable disease (NCD) multimorbidity in children who are inpatients by delineating the characteristics of and identifying patterns among paediatric inpatients with multimorbidity in China.

Design

Cross-sectional study.

Setting

Paediatric wards (n=17) in Pudong New Area, Shanghai, China.

Participants

A total of 193 432 paediatric inpatients in the electronic health record systems of 17 hospitals from 2011 to 2016 participated in the study, and 91 004 children with NCDs were extracted and classified based on International Classification of Diseases, 10th version codes.

Main outcome measures

Number of the NCDs and multimorbidity patterns of the paediatric inpatients.

Results

In total, 47.05% (95% CI 46.83 to 47.27) of the paediatric inpatients had one or more chronic diseases, and 16.30% (95% CI 16.14 to 16.46) had multimorbidity. Congenital anomalies accounted for 19.43% (95% CI 19.25 to 19.61) of the principal diagnoses among the paediatric inpatients. Five common multimorbidity patterns were identified: a neurological-respiratory cluster, a neurological-respiratory-ear cluster, a cardiovascular-circulatory cluster, a genitourinary cluster (boy group) and a musculoskeletal-connective cluster (10–18 years age group).

Conclusions

Multimorbidity in paediatric inpatients suggests that decisions about reasonable allocation of paediatric inpatient resources should be fully considered. Multimorbidity patterns in paediatric inpatients revealed that prevention, including innovative treatments targeting children, should be further studied.

Predicting mortality in acute ischaemic stroke treated with mechanical thrombectomy: analysis of a multicentre prospective registry

Por: Li · H. · Ye · S.-s. · Wu · Y.-L. · Huang · S.-M. · Li · Y.-X. · Lu · K. · Huang · J.-B. · Chen · L. · Li · H.-Z. · Wu · W.-J. · Wu · Z.-L. · Wu · J.-Z. · Zhong · W.-T. · Xian · W.-C. · Liao · F. · Tung · T.-H. · Wu · Q.-L. · Chen · H. · Yuan · L. · Yang · Z. · Huang · L.-A.
Objectives

We aimed to determine predictors of mortality within 90 days and develop a simple score for patients with mechanical thrombectomy (MT).

Design

Analysis of a multicentre prospective registry.

Setting

In six participating centres, patients who had an acute ischaemic stroke (AIS) treated by MT between March 2017 and May 2018 were documented prospectively.

Participants

224 patients with AIS were treated by MT.

Results

Of 224 patients, 49 (21.9%) patients died, and 87 (38.8%) were independent. Variables associated with 90-day mortality were age, previous stroke, admission National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS), fasting blood glucose and occlusion site. Logistic regression identified four variables independently associated with 90-day mortality: age ≥80 years (OR 3.26, 95% CI 1.45 to 7.33), previous stroke (OR 2.33, 95% CI 1.04 to 5.21), admission NIHSS ≥18 (OR 2.37, 95% CI 1.13 to 4.99) and internal carotid artery or basilar artery occlusion (OR 2.92, 95% CI 1.34 to 6.40). Using these data, we developed predicting 90-day mortality of AIS with MT (PRACTICE) score ranging from 0 to 6 points. The receiver operator curve analysis found that PRACTICE score (area under the curve (AUC)=0.744, 95% CI 0.669 to 0.820) was numerically better than iScore (AUC=0.661, 95% CI 0.577 to 0.745) and Predicting Early Mortality of Ischemic Stroke score (AUC=0.638, 95% CI 0.551 to 0.725) for predicting 90-day mortality.

Conclusions

We developed a simple score to estimate the 90-day mortality of patients who had an AIS treated with MT. But the score needs to be prospectively validated.

Trial registration number

Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR-OOC-17013052).

Effect of weekly teriparatide injections on osteoporotic fracture healing: protocol for a double-blind, randomised controlled trial

Por: Zhu · J. · Zhang · C. · Jia · J. · Yuan · W. · Zhang · M. · Leng · H. · Song · C.
Introduction

Both animal studies and clinical trials have shown that daily parathyroid hormone administration promotes bone fracture healing. We previously found that weekly injections of the recombinant human parathyroid hormone teriparatide at a dosage of 20 μg/kg promoted tibial fracture healing to the same extent as daily injections of teriparatide at a dosage of 10 μg/kg in a rodent model. However, the effect of weekly teriparatide administration on human fracture healing is unreported. This protocol describes a randomised controlled clinical trial designed to evaluate whether weekly administration of teriparatide accelerates fracture repair in humans.

Methods and analysis

This single-centre, double-blind, randomised controlled trial will be conducted in Peking University Third Hospital. Eligible patients with Colles’ fracture incurred within 48 hours will be randomly divided into two groups (n=40 per group) that will receive 14 weekly subcutaneous injections of either saline or teriparatide (40 μg/week). The primary outcome will be the time taken to achieve radiographic healing, as assessed using the modified radiographic union scale for tibial fractures. The secondary outcomes will be functional assessments, including the self-administered Patient-Rated Wrist Evaluation questionnaire, grip strength and rate of fracture non-union.

Ethics and dissemination

Ethical approval has been obtained from the Peking University Third Hospital Medical Science Research Ethics Committee (M2020207). The findings will be disseminated in peer-reviewed publications.

Trial registration number

NCT04473989: protocol version: 1.

Ayer — Abril 12th 2021Tus fuentes RSS

International study to develop the WOUND‐Q patient‐reported outcome measure for all types of chronic wounds

Abstract

Patient‐reported outcome measures (PROMs) for chronic wounds mainly focus on specific types of wounds. Our team developed the WOUND‐Q for use with all types of wounds in any anatomic location. We conducted 60 concept elicitation interviews with patients in Canada, Denmark, the Netherlands, and the United States. Analysis identified concepts of interest to patients and scales were formed and refined through cognitive interviews with 20 patients and input from 26 wound care experts. Scales were translated into Danish and Dutch. An international field‐test study collected data from 881 patients (1020 assessments) with chronic wounds. Rasch measurement theory (RMT) analysis was used to refine the scales and examine psychometric properties. RMT analysis supported the reliability and validity of 13 WOUND‐Q scales that measure wound characteristics (assessment, discharge, and smell), health‐related quality of life (life impact, psychological, sleep impact, and social), experience of care (information, home care nurses, medical team, and office staff), and wound treatment (dressing and suction device). The WOUND‐Q can be used to measure outcomes in research and clinical practice from the perspective of patients with any type of wound.

❌