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AnteayerCIN: Computers, Informatics, Nursing

Mobile Health in Adherence to Oral Anticancer Drugs: A Scoping Review

imageIn oncology, adherence to oral antineoplastic medication is a key element of treatment, on which the success of any therapeutic intervention depends. Given their widespread use in clinical practice, it is important to identify tools that can facilitate the monitoring and self-management of the patient at home, to avoid the consequences of employing ineffective treatment. One of the tools available today to take action on this phenomenon is mobile health technology. The aim of this review is to describe published studies relating to the use of mobile health to promote adherence to oral antineoplastic medication. This scoping review was conducted using the framework proposed by Arksey and O'Malley, adapted according to Levac et al. Of 1320 articles identified, only seven met the eligibility criteria and therefore were included in the review. All seven articles involved the use of digital means to measure adherence to treatment, patient satisfaction, acceptability and feasibility of the digital means used, and presence of symptoms, but not the effectiveness of the digital instrument used. In conclusion, the use of digital means to assist adherence of cancer patients to oral antineoplastic medication is widely recognized, but its effectiveness in clinical practice is poorly supported by the nature of the published studies.

Using Research Electronic Data Capture for Longitudinal Assessment Among Older Adults With Diabetes Enhances Real-Time Data Collection

imageThe aim of this study was to provide evidence on the application of Research Electronic Data Capture for collecting repeated data during a 7-day period among older adults. Fifty-seven adults (≥50 years) with type 2 diabetes were recruited. Participants completed one sleep diary upon awaking and one self-care diary before going to bed each day for 7 days. The diaries were administered via the Research Electronic Data Capture Web-based system and were completed via participants' own electronic devices. Objective compliance rate, time used to complete each diary, and participant experience were described. Approximately 80% (n = 45) of the participants used Research Electronic Data Capture. Among these participants, the noncompliance rate ranged between 0% and 8.9% for the sleep diary and 0% and 13.1% for the self-care diary. Participants spent 4.2 to 8.7 minutes on the sleep diary and 3.5 to 7.1 minutes on the self-care diary. It took the participants a longer time to complete the diaries during the first day than during the following 6 days. Few participants reported technical issues or felt inconvenient or stressful with completing the Research Electronic Data Capture diaries. Overall, the compliance rates were high. Completing the diaries was not time-consuming and participants were largely satisfied with the Research Electronic Data Capture data collection. Research Electronic Data Capture has aided the longitudinal data collection. With adequate training, Research Electronic Data Capture is an efficient tool to collect repeated data among older adults and thus is recommended for future research.

The Prevalence of Smartphones and WeChat Use Among Older Adults With Chronic Disease in a Western China

imageTelemedicine is a promising way to deliver patient education and health services, but access to information technology among potential patients is a prerequisite. This study surveyed the prevalence of smartphone use and the use of the Chinese social networking platform WeChat and Wi-Fi access in the homes of older adults in a western area of China. A convenience sample of 225 older adults with chronic diseases in two tertiary hospitals was interviewed regarding smartphone ownership, WeChat use, and access to Wi-Fi at home. Participant ability in performing the activities of daily living was also assessed. Logistic regressions were used to analyze the independently associated factors of smartphone ownership, WeChat use, and Wi-Fi access at home. The results show that the prevalence of smartphone use was 19.6%, only 8.9% of those surveyed used WeChat, but 39.6% had access to Wi-Fi at home. Education level was the only factor significantly associated with the three dependent variables. Ability in performing activities of daily living was positively correlated with access to Wi-Fi at home (odds ratio, 2.549; P = .011). It will be difficult to implement telemedicine through smartphones in such relatively poor areas of China. Better-educated older adults who are less dependent in performing activities of daily living are potential users of telemedicine.

Intradisciplinary Nursing Communication Post Hospital Merger: A Quality Improvement Project Using Online Communities of Practice in the Intensive Care Unit

imageAfter hospital mergers, unit work environments are at risk of being unhealthy due to poor intradisciplinary two-way communication in times of change. This quality improvement project explored the impact a 4-week, social-media–based, intradisciplinary communication strategy had on a postmerger intensive care unit work environment. The sample (N = 14) included 11 bedside nurses and three administrative nurses working in a 22-bed southwestern US ICU. The participants took part in a Facebook closed-group community of practice called Nurse to Nurse, with a total of 25.9% participation rate. Eleven participants completed the pre–Nurse to Nurse survey, a 20.4% completion rate, while eight participants completed the post–Nurse to Nurse survey, a 14.8% completion rate. After the conclusion of Nurse to Nurse, the overall mean skilled communication survey score increased to 3.79, a 1.6% improvement. Question 14, which measured zero-tolerance behavior perception, exhibited a mean of 2.3% improvement, boosting this metric to excellent status. Utilization data revealed 68 comments posted within Nurse to Nurse implementation, with 56 showing horizontal communication (73.5%) and 24 displaying vertical communication (26.5%). A total of 217 bedside nurse views (81.3%) and 50 administrative nurse views (18.7%) were noted. Nurse to Nurse, an online communication-focused community of practice, enhanced communication among bedside and administrative nurses working in a postmerger intensive care unit setting.

Health Professionals' Engagement With Email—Enabler or Disrupter?

imageThe use of email is an internationally recognized and accepted method to communicate information in an asynchronous manner. Yet, despite its ubiquitous use, there is evidence that there are differences in the degree of engagement with and perceived value of email as legitimate work within the healthcare setting. A lack of engagement with email could have consequences on the care of patients if email communication is not read or responded to by the intended recipient. The purpose of this study was to understand the email practices of health professionals within a hospital setting, including their interactions, experiences, and thoughts and ideas for sharing information in the future. Four focus groups (total number of participants, 30) were conducted in 2015 and 2016 using an Appreciative Inquiry model to focus on the use of email. Data were thematically analyzed, with three overarching themes identified: professional practice, workforce self-care, and shaping the future using technology. Overall, email was perceived as a less important function within a health professional's everyday clinical practice; however, this differed depending on their role. The health professionals' use of email ranged from very little engagement to what could be judged as over-engagement, all of which have implications for healthcare organizations who view email as a legitimate work task and a key way to communicate.

Use of an Electronic Reporting Tool and Clinical Surveillance Process in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit to Decrease Risk for Central Venous Catheter Complications Associated With Tip Migration

imageThis quality improvement project formalized central venous catheter tip surveillance augmented by the use of electronic patient reporting tool. The project setting was a large level IV academic neonatal intensive care unit with a representative convenience sample of patients with central venous catheters and quality improvement reports of complications from tip migration. Providers received education before implementation of a central venous catheter tip surveillance program using a revised electronic reporting tool was initiated. Provider evaluations of the electronic reporting tool included compliance with the guidelines and use of the tool in multidisciplinary patient rounds, and were entered into a database for analysis. Nine evaluations of the electronic reporting tool were completed, with an average of 97% compliance with guidelines. Seven evaluations during multidisciplinary patient rounds using the reporting tool data demonstrated use by both resident physicians and advanced practice nurses. Central venous catheter patient data were reviewed after process implementation. Overall, infant central venous catheter complications related to tip migration decreased following implementation. Therefore, the use of an electronic reporting tool improved compliance with evidence-based clinical practice guidelines and resulted in a decrease in the risk for central venous line complications related to tip migration in this setting.

“Eavesdropping”: An Information Source for Inpatients

Healthcare providers in the hospital setting must discuss patient information to ensure continuity of care and patient safety. This study explores how patients perceive the information they hear discussed between healthcare providers and how the concept of “eavesdropping” can be addressed by healthcare providers and in the field of medical informatics. Using an inductive analysis of interviews with 14 adult inpatients, research findings indicate that patients value receiving information in the hospital setting, including information received through eavesdropping. Patient eavesdropping opportunities include “eavesdropping by design” events, such as during bedside shift changes and handoffs, as well as unintended “unintended eavesdropping” events, such as listening to healthcare provider conversations outside of the patient's room. Healthcare providers and medical informaticists have opportunities to address eavesdropping in the inpatient setting. Informatics systems that address “eavesdropping by design” and “unintended eavesdropping opportunities” can improve patient-provider communication and satisfy patient preferences for receiving medical information.

The Development and Effectiveness of Combining Case-Based Online Lecture and Simulation Programs to Facilitate Interprofessional Function Care Training in Nursing Homes

imageThe aim of this study was to (1) develop a case-based combination of online lectures and simulations for function-focused care by nursing home interdisciplinary caregivers and (2) evaluate participants' increasing shared team and task knowledge by surrogate measures of team process and team performance. The study comprised the following steps: (1) the design of a learning module using a shared understanding of function-focused care as a shared mental model; (2) the establishment of two computer programs for online lectures and simulations using cases involving older adults with disabilities; and (3) testing the educational programs using a repeated-measures design. Participants were 61 interdisciplinary caregivers from seven nursing homes in four regions. Data from participants' team process and team performance were collected pre test, post online lecture, and post simulation. Repeated-measures analysis of variance showed that the mean scores for scales of “transactive memory system,” “knowledge sharing and utilization,” “team outcomes,” “motivation for learning transfer,” “self-efficacy,” “interpersonal understanding,” “proactivity in problem solving,” and “function-focused care knowledge” differed significantly between the time points. The results indicate that a case-based program of a combination of online lectures and simulations elicits significant improvements in participants' team process and team performance.

Eye Tracking to Evaluate the Usability of an Online Pneumoconiosis Education Booklet in a Sample of South Asian Construction Workers

imagePneumoconiosis is an incurable disease. An online educational booklet for South Asian construction workers has been developed to provide them with knowledge of the disease and its preventive measures. As eye tracking has long been applied to assess users' preferences with regard to the content of commercial products, this approach would likely offer a promising opportunity for an objective assessment of the usability of the developed booklet. This was a mixed-methods study that combined eye tracking and interviews to explore the usability of the educational booklet among South Asian construction workers. Twelve construction workers were invited to read the booklet individually on a laptop computer. An eye-tracking device was placed under the computer screen to collect eye tracking data of the participants to measure their attention to the contents of the booklet. Afterward, the participants were invited to attend a semistructured interview to explore their acceptance of and satisfaction with the booklet. Results showed that participants gazed more often and for a longer duration at the working environment that increases pneumoconiosis risk and the preventive measures for pneumoconiosis, and they paid more attention to the pictures. The workers reported that the booklet was useful and informative, and they were satisfied with its design and layout.

Digital Learning Interventions in Higher Education: A Scoping Review

imageThis scoping review was undertaken to synthesize and describe research related to digital learning interventions in higher education, focusing on technological outcomes. Five electronic databases were searched, and 86 articles were included in the review. The data related to positive and negative technological outcomes and authors' suggestions were analyzed using inductive content analysis. The articles represented six disciplines across six continents and included quantitative (n = 65), qualitative (n = 3), and mixed-methods (n = 18) intervention studies. For positive technological outcomes, digital formats of learning were considered effective and participatory forms of learning in a majority of the articles. The students appreciated individualized and self-paced learning, and the digital form increased their motivation to learn. Automatized technical solutions that enabled learning and teaching had several advantages, and digital learning was believed to save the resources of students, teachers, and organizations. For negative technological outcomes, the technical difficulties in using the digital devices or platforms were described the most, and a need for resources was identified. Feedback from teachers was considered important from positive and negative viewpoints. Authors' suggestions for future digital teaching and learning as well as related interventions consisted of various activities, resources, environments, and methods.

Evaluation of a Blended Online and Digital Learning Mode of Anatomy and Physiology for Undergraduate Nursing Students

imageBlended online and digital learning includes a variety of activities that combine engaging classroom-based education with online learning. The aim of this study is to evaluate undergraduate students' perceptions of a blended online and digital curriculum for anatomy and physiology in the nursing degree program. A quantitative methodology was used with a sample of 100 undergraduate nursing students from a single Australian University. Descriptive statistics are and presented in this article. Of the 100 participants, 90% were enrolled in the standard mode compared to 10% in a flexible mode of delivery. Results indicated that 29% of participants preferred laboratory classes as having the most impact. Participants (46%) also agreed that recorded lectures were useful, with 36% indicating that the online platform was easy to navigate going as far as wanting more online quizzes (49%). More than half of the participants (54%) acknowledged that anatomy and physiology was important for their future careers. The blended online and digital learner preferences in delivering anatomy and physiology–related courses should be adjusted in order for learning to be effective for undergraduate students in the future.

Evaluation of the Pressure Injury Prevention Information System

imageClinical decision support systems provide empirical guidance to improve the quality of nursing care. This study aimed to evaluate the outcomes of implementation of decision support functions into the preventive care system as regards nurses' acceptance of technology, documentation completeness, and incidence of hospital-acquired pressure injury. The researchers performed data collection in a regional hospital in northern Taiwan. The study used the Davis Science and Technology Acceptance Model scale to investigate nurses' technology acceptance before and after the introduction of a clinical decision support system and compared documentation compliance of preventive records with the incidence of hospital-acquired pressure injuries. Results showed that nurses' acceptance of the technology was significantly improved, and the completion rate of the pressure injury preventive care record significantly increased from 88.9% to 99.9%. Meanwhile, the incidence of hospital-acquired pressure injury decreased significantly from 0.057% to 0.021%. Therefore, it was concluded that the clinical decision support system provides evidenced-based support to nurses and is effective in identifying patient-specific prevention nursing plans of care.

Psychometric Testing of the Turkish Version of the Technology Informatics Guiding Educational Reform–Based Assessment of Nursing Informatics Competencies Tool

imageNursing informatics competencies are vital to benefit from information technologies to improve patient outcomes. It is essential to use a reliable and valid instrument for evaluating competencies. The Technology Informatics Guiding Educational Reform–Based Assessment of Nursing Informatics Competencies Tool is a valid and reliable tool used to evaluate nursing informatics competencies in nurses who primarily speak English. This cross-sectional research aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of a Turkish version of the instrument. Data were collected from 518 nurses working in two university hospitals in Istanbul, Turkey. The tool was translated into Turkish, validated by professional experts, back-translated, and analyzed. Thirty nurses completed the tool twice for test-retest reliability. A four-factor structure identified in exploratory factor analysis (73.64% of the total variance with all items loaded >0.40 [0.44–0.88] for each factor). Cronbach's α reliability coefficients of the subsets were .98 for basic computer skills, .97 for clinical information management, and .98 for information literacy. The total item correlations for subsets were between 0.57 and 0.84. The Turkish version of the Technology Informatics Guiding Educational Reform–Based Assessment of Nursing Informatics Competencies demonstrated sufficient reliability and validity for assessing nursing informatics competencies within Turkish culture.