Objetivo principal: conocer los motivos que llevan a las mujeres a optar por el parto domiciliário planificado. Metodología: estudio descrip-tivo, exploratorio, con un enfoque cualitativo. Participaron en la investigaciõn nueve mujeres que han optado por tener su parto en casa. Recolección de datos se produjo a través de entrevistas semiestructuradas, realizadas individualmente. Se utilizó la técnica de análisis de contenido de tipo temático. Resultados principales: del análisis emergieron los temas: Motivos que llevaron al parto domiciliário; Percep-ción de las mujeres sobre el parto domiciliário; Conductas de los profesionales de la salud en el parto domiciliário; y El enfermero frente a la asistencia al parto domiciliário. Conclusión principal: Las mujeres que optan por el parto domiciliario buscan una atención más humana sobre el parto, evitando una serie de intervenciones innecesarias, comunes en los hospitales.
Surgical patients are at risk of developing a perioperative pressure injury (ORPI) during surgery. Accurate assessment and prompt implementation of prevention strategies or treatment of ORPI are dependent on knowledge and skills of operating room (OR) nurses. The study examined the knowledge and attitude of OR nurses in identifying at‐risk patients. A cross‐sectional, prospective, descriptive study was adopted. OR nurses were invited to complete the survey using the attitude towards pressure ulcer prevention instrument (Cronbach α of 0.79) and pressure ulcer knowledge assessment tool (Cronbach α of 0.77). Approximately, 28% of OR nurses took part in the survey. Most of them were females (99%) with a mean age of 38.4 ± 12.9 years old. Of these, 73% of the nurses described not having adequate experience in preventing ORPI, and 88% of them were uncertain about the treatment strategies. The mean overall knowledge score was 47.8 ± 9.1% for this cohort. The study demonstrated that approximately 8.9% of OR nurses passed with a score ≥ 60% for knowledge. The mean overall attitude score was 74.6 ± 6.1% for this cohort. About 35.6% of these nurses gave positive scores of greater than 75% for attitudes. The knowledge scores have no relationship with the working experience, role responsibility, academic qualification, ethnicity, nationality, and gender except for age 35 years older or equal and younger. Still, both the knowledge and attitude scores obtained have a strong relationship with the nurses' experiences with PI prevention. Personal competency to prevent PI has a strong correlation with risk identifying and preventing PI. There are strong associations between being responsible for PI development and the knowledge on risk identification and prevention of PI. The attitude regarding the prioritisation of PI prevention is also strongly correlated to the nurses' knowledge in preventing PI. Positive attitudes of OR nurses have no relationship with the overall knowledge scores. The prevention of ORPI is not on the list of priorities among OR nurses. The knowledge of preventive measures and risk identification of PI was limited among local OR nurses. Incorporating a standard screening and assessment tool within the current assessment list will support and promote ORPI risk assessment and continuous assessment. Contextualised education on ORPI prevention and management should be considered part of the training for OR nurses.
La inclusión de revistas científicas en fuentes documentales ha evolucionado desde la exhaustividad hacia la selectividad, en función del uso creciente que se hace de las mismas a efectos de evaluación del conocimiento. El entorno CUIDEN, que incorpora la base de datos referencial y el índice de citas CUIDEN Citación, no ha sido ajeno a esta tendencia, de manera que en los últimos años ha extremado los criterios de selección, a la vez que ha reducido el tiempo en que la información bibliométrica está disponible. En este trabajo se describen ambos recursos documentales y se exponen sus propiedades en la evaluación de revistas de enfermería y afines del ámbito iberoamericano, complementando así la escasa información que sobre las mismas proporcionan otras fuentes más genéricas. Se aporta como ejemplo dos modelos de evaluación correspondientes a los países más productores de conocimiento enfermero en Iberoamérica: Brasil y España.
-El devenir de la flor negra: "A flor de piel, por Javier Moro". Elisabet de la Cruz Sánchez
-En los orígenes del asociacionismo sanitario: "El Protomedicato en España durante los siglos XV-XVI: un estudio histórico-legislativo, por Mª José Poveda, Juana M. Hernández Conesa, Pedro S. Cayuela, Manuel Amezcua". Carmen María López Corpas
-Una vida de divulgación de la ciencia: "Treinta y seis años al frente de una revista científica. Memorias del director de Nutrición Hospitalaria, por Jesús Manuel Culebras Fernández". Carmen María López Corpas
Pain is a serious problem for patients with leg ulcers. Research mainly focuses on dressing‐related pain; however, chronic background pain may be just as devastating. Our main objective was to describe the prevalence and characteristics of wound‐related background pain in persons with chronic venous leg ulcers. We performed a systematic review to synthesise data from quantitative studies. Studies were eligible if they reported original baseline‐ or cross‐sectional data on background pain in chronic venous leg ulcers. The initial search identified 2454 publications. We included 36 descriptive and effect studies. The pooled prevalence of wound‐related background pain (from 10 studies) was 80% (95% CI 65‐92%). The mean pain intensity score (from 27 studies) was 4 (0‐10 numeric rating scale) (95% CI 3.4‐4.5). Other pain characteristics could not be synthesised. We identified few sufficiently high‐quality studies on prevalence and intensity of wound‐related background pain in patients with chronic venous leg ulcers. Four of five persons experience mild to moderate pain. Because of poor quality of pain assessment and report, we believe that the available research does not provide a sufficiently nuanced understanding of background pain in this patient group.
Although obesity appears to be an important predictor of mortality and morbidity, little data about the impact of body mass index (BMI) on the outcome of severely burned patients are available. Patients admitted to the General Hospital Vienna between 1994 and 2014, who underwent surgery because of burn injuries, were enrolled in this study. BMI was used to divide patients into five groups: BMI 18.5 to 24.9, 25 to 29.9, 30 to 34.9, 35 to 39.9, and > 40. The groups were compared in terms of difference of mortality and morbidity. Of 460 patients, 34.3% (n = 158) died. Mortality rates were the lowest in patients with obesity class III and the highest in patients with BMI 35 to 39.9 (BMI 18.5‐24.9: 30.5%, BMI 25‐29.9: 31.5%, BMI 30‐34.9: 41.3%, BMI 35‐39.9: 55.5%, BMI > 40: 30%; P = .031). BMI was not found to be an independent risk factor when corrected with age, percent total body surface area burned, full‐thickness burns, and inhalation injury. No significant differences in length of stay, inhalation trauma, pneumonia, wound infection, sepsis, and invasive ventilation were observed. BMI as an independent risk factor for severely burned patients could not be confirmed via multivariate analysis.
Introducción. La quimioterapia produce el efecto secundario más temido por los pacientes con cáncer, la alopecia, que podría evitarse con gorros de crioterapia del cuero cabelludo. Objetivo principal. Evaluar la crioterapia del cuero cabelludo como método preventivo para la alopecia inducida por quimioterapia. Metodología. Se ha realizado una revisión bibliográfica narrativa, seleccionándose 22 artículos, introduciendo ecuaciones de búsqueda en varias bases de datos. Desarrollo. Su eficacia es difícil de determinar y la efectividad es muy variable, aprobándose en pacientes con cánceres sólidos. Sin embargo, existen ciertos efectos secundarios, requiriéndose de cuidados de enfermería independientemente de la técnica utilizada. Conclusiones. Estudios han demostrado que el uso de este método es eficaz y efectivo, y que su uso no aumenta el riesgo de metástasis en el cuero cabelludo, contraindicándose en pacientes con tumores hematoló-gicos.
Wound healing, especially diabetic ones, is a relevant clinical problem, so it is not surprising that surgical procedures are often needed. To overcome invasive procedures, several strategies with drugs or natural compound are used. Recently, in an experimental study, we described an increase in keratinocyte proliferation after their exposition to quercetin plus oleic acid. In the present clinical study, we evaluated both the clinical efficacy and the safety of nano‐hydrogel embedded with quercetin and oleic acid in the treatment of lower limb skin wound in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). Fifty‐six DM patients (28 men and 28 women, mean age 61.7 ± 9.2 years) unsuccessfully treated with mechanical compression were enrolled and randomised to receive an add on treatment with hyaluronic acid (0.2%) or nano‐hydrogel embedded with quercetin and oleic acid. The treatment with nano‐hydrogel embedded with quercetin and oleic acid significantly (P < .01) reduced the wound healing time, in comparison to hyaluronic acid (0.2%) without developing of adverse drug reactions, suggesting that this formulation could be used in the management of wound healing even if other clinical trials must be performed in order to validate this observation.
In this study, mycobacteria, which were previously identified as Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTC), and mycobacteria other than tuberculosis (MOTT) with cord factor and the p‐nitro‐alpha‐acetyl‐amino‐beta‐hydroxypropiophenone (NAP) test were reanalysed using the polymerase chain reaction—restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR‐RFLP) analysis method in order to confirm the identification, and at the same time, species accepted as MOTT were identified. Although the results of the NAP test were obtained within 3‐5 days, the PCR‐RFLP results were obtained in 1 day. Ten species identified as MTC with the NAP test and cord factor were confirmed with the PCR‐RFLP method. Fourteen species accepted as MOTT were identified as Mycobacterium species with the evaluation of the bands observed after the restriction of PCR product with the PCR‐RFLP method. These were as follows: three species Mycobacterium intracellulare type I, two species Mycobacterium phlei, two species Mycobacterium kansasii, one species Mycobacterium fortuitum type I, one species Mycobacterium gordonae type I, one species Mycobacterium abscessus type I, one species Mycobacterium scrofulaceum, one species Mycobacterium szulgai type I, one species Mycobacterium avium type II, and one species Mycobacterium terrae. Hence, the results of both the cord factor and the NAP test were confirmed with the molecular method, and at the same time, mycobacteria species identification was made by determining the fastest, easiest, and the most accurate result‐giving method. Because PCR‐RFLP is a very rapid method that provides exact identification of mycobacteria species, it can be performed in routine procedures.
Lower limb crush injury is a major source of mortality and morbidity in trauma patients. Complications, especially surgical site infections (SSIs) are a major source of financial burden to the institute and to the patient as it delays rehabilitation. As such, every possible attempt should be made to reduce any complications. We, thus, aimed to compare the outcomes in early vs delayed closure of lower extremity stumps in cases of lower limb crush injury requiring amputation, so as to achieve best possible outcome. A randomised controlled study was conducted in the Division of Trauma Surgery & Critical Care at Jai Prakash Narayan Apex Trauma Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi from 1 September 2018 to 30 June 2019 and included patients undergoing lower limb amputation below hip joint. Patients were randomised in two groups, in one group amputation stump was closed primarily, while in the second group delayed primary closure of stump was performed. We compared rate of SSI, length of hospital stay, and number of surgeries in both the groups. Fifty‐six patients with 63 amputation stumps were recruited in the study. Mean age of patients in the study was 34 years, of which about 95% patients were males. The most common mechanism of injury was road traffic injury in 66% of patients. Mean injury severity score was 12.28 and four patients had diabetes preoperatively. Total 63 extremities were randomised with 30 cases in group I and 33 cases in group II as per computer‐generated random number. Above knee amputations was commonest (57.14%) followed by below knee amputations (33.3%). Two patients died in the current study. In group I, In‐hospital infection was detected in 7 cases (23.3%) and in group II 9 cases (27.3%) had SSI during hospital admission (P > .05). Mean hospital stay in group I was 10.32 ± 7.68 days and in group II was 11 ± 8.17 days (P > .05). Road traffic injuries and train‐associated injuries are a major cause of lower limb crush injuries, leading to limb loss. Delayed primary closure of such wounds requires extra number of surgical interventions than primary closure. There is no difference in extra number of surgical interventions required in both the groups. Thus, primary closure can be safely performed in patients undergoing lower limb amputations following trauma, provided that a good lavage and wound debridement is performed.
-La Casa de Mágina acoge a creativos de la literatura
-Estudiantes colombianos se comprometen con la prevención del consumo abusivo de alcohol
-Jóvenes, Ocio y Alcohol, un trinomio que preocupa
-La Enfermería nace como disciplina en España con la publicación del primer manual para enfermeros en el siglo XVII
-Index de Enfermería renueva el Sello de Calidad FECYT
-Jóvenes investigadores de Granada y Alicante comparten aula
Objetivo principal: Analizar la asociación de conductas de riesgo para la salud en el marco de la Teoría de la Conducta Problema. Metodología: 524 adolescentes (Medad =16,7; DT = 1,6) cumplimentaron un cuestionario online. Mediante Análisis Factorial Exploratorio se estudiaron seis conductas: borracheras, consumos de tabaco y hachís, búsqueda de sensaciones, sexo sin protección y comportamiento vial inseguro. Resultados principales: En la adolescencia intermedia (edades 16-17) la agrupación resultó compatible con la dimensión “no convencionalidad” identificada por Jessor. Su prevalencia aumentó al finalizar la educación obligatoria. Conclusión: Esta agrupación aconseja la prevención simultánea de dichas conductas. Dado que estos comportamientos ayudan a los adolescentes a ganar autonomía personal y relacionarse con sus iguales, su prevención no debe limitarse a informar sobre los riesgos que ocasionan. Promover conductas prosociales (p.ej., participar en la vida escolar y comunitaria) puede ayudar a los adolescentes a vivir de manera saludable su transición evolutiva.