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Decreasing Barriers to Research Utilization Among Labor and Delivery Nurses

imageBackground Intermittent fetal monitoring (IFM) is a recommended strategy for intrapartum fetal heart rate assessment in low-risk pregnancies; however, this “high touch, low tech” approach is underutilized. Objective The aim of the study was to examine the relationships between labor and delivery nurses’ intellectual capital and their perceptions of barriers to research utilization in the work setting. Methods A cross-sectional correlational design using data derived from a larger study of labor and delivery nurses (N = 248) was used. Covell’s theory of nursing intellectual capital was used as the conceptual and analytic framework to examine labor and delivery nurses’ intellectual capital and their perceived barriers to research utilization. Results Nurses who receive paid time off from their employer to attend conferences (p

Perspectives on Conducting Research in Indian Country

imageBackground Certain research principles, framed within an indigenous context, are helpful guideposts to practice ethical, relevant, and sensitive inquiries. It is essential to further adapt research approaches based on the unique geographical, sociopolitical, and cultural attributes of partnering tribal communities. These adaptations are largely shaped by trial and error. Objectives The purpose of this article is to offer the prospective novice nurse researcher lessons that we learned when entering Indian country to conduct research for the first time. As indigenous and nonindigenous researchers, we are not seeking to set down a methodology but rather offer a list of processes, environments, timelines, and barriers that we never learned in didactic, seminar, clinical, practicum, or any other academic setting. Methods We organized a set of memories and thoughts through a series of semistructured iterative sessions specific to our first encounters as researchers in Indian country. We compiled our written responses and field notes from our dialogue, interpreted these data, and organized them into themes. We have reported what we felt would be the most surprising, frequent, or important information to note. Results We identified three overarching themes in our collective experience: orientation and negotiation, situating ourselves and our work, and navigating our way. Subthemes included perceiving ourselves as outsiders, negotiating distance and time realities, relying on the goodness of gatekeepers, shaping research questions per community priorities, honing our cross-cultural and intercultural communication skills, discovering the many layers of tribal approval processes, and developing sensibilities and intuition. Discussion Our previous experiences as novices leading research projects in Indian country have produced unique sensibilities that may serve to guide nurse researchers who seek to partner with tribal communities.